Jira’s filter can have its own column setting, so you can share the setting for other users by adding view permission. Please follow the below instruction.
From Jira Issue Navigator, create a filter and save columns.
Use Filter instead of My Defaults. Filter is filter columns, and My Defaults is user columns.
Add viewers to the filter.
Use the shared filter and columns setting.
You can add the URL of the spreadsheet to your project sidebar shortcuts!